Situated on the Timor Sea, Darwin is the largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory with a population of 145,916. It is the smallest and most northerly if the Australian capital cities, and acts as the Top End’s regional centre.
Darwin’s proximity to South East Asia makes it a link between Australia and countries such as Indonesia and East Timor. The Stuart Highway begins in Darwin, extends southerly across central Australia through Tennant Creek and Alice Springs, concluding in Port Augusta in SA. The city itself is built upon a low bluff overlooking the harbour. The Darwin region, like much of the Top End experiences a tropical climate with a wet and dry season. Approximately 6-8 weeks leading up to Darwin’s wet season a period known locally as “the build up” sees temperature and humidity both increase. Darwin’s wet season typically arrives in late November – early December and brings with it heavy monsoonal downpours, spectacular lightning displays and increased cyclone activity. During the dry season, the city is met with clear skies and mild seas breezes from the harbour.
The greater Darwin area is the ancestral home of the Larrakia People. On 9 September 1839, HMS Beagle sailed into Darwin harbour during its surveying of the area and the region was named Port Darwin. The settlement there became known as Palmerston in 1869, however was later renamed Darwin in 1911. The city has been entirely rebuilt four times, following devastation caused by the 1897 cyclone, the 1937 cyclone, Japanese air raids during WII and Cyclone Tracy on Christmas Day 1974.
From the sparkling harbour and WWII history to the city’s Asian-influenced food and tropical outdoor lifestyle, Darwin is an adventurers’ paradise. Darwin is world famous for its fabulous food, colourful outdoor markets and a diverse bag of adventure activities.